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Stewart County is located at the northern edge of middle Tennessee. It was the destination of James Scarborough when he left Montgomery County, North Carolina with four of his sons in 1802/1804. These men and their families were truly pioneers. They were moving into a land of virgin forests, wild animals and Indians. From here the family has scattered into the rest of the United States.
This is the story of James Monroe Scarborough and his family. It begins with his father, John Scarborough who was born about 1716 probably in Virginia. The ancestors of John still elude us.
It is our hope that with continued research we will establish without doubt the ancestors of John Scarborough and his wife, Rachael Johnson. There are theories which we have not be able to prove. Perhaps someone who visits this site will contribute information to further our research.
We are open to corrections and additions. Please feel free to contact us by using the Feedback form.
The Saxon Chronicle, a document compiled by monks in the 10th century and currently on file in the British Museum, is a history of the Saxon settlement in England. History researchers have examined reproductions of such ancient manuscripts and documents as the Doomsday Book (1086), the Ragman Rolls (1291-1296), the Curia Regis Rolls, the Pipe Rolls and the Hearth Rolls as well as parish registers, baptismal records and tax records. They found the first record of the name Scarborough in Yorkshire where they were seated from early times and their first records appeared on the census rolls taken by the ancient Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects. Throughout the centuries the name Scarborough has occurred in many records, manuscripts and documents but not always with the same spelling. From time to time the surname was spelled Scarbrough, Scarboro, Scarborough, Scasbridge, Scarbrow, Scarburg, Scarburgh, Scarsbridge, and Scarbridge, and these variations in spelling occurred frequently, even between father and son. Scribes and church officials frequently spelt the names phonetically. As a result the same person could be recorded differently on birth, baptismal, marriage and death records. The Saxon race gave birth to many English surnames, not the least of which was the surname Scarborough. The Saxons, invited into England by the ancient Britons of the 4th century, were a fair skinned people who's home was the Rhine Valley. They were led by two brothers, General/Commanders Hengist and Horsa. The Saxons settled in the county of Kent, in southern England. During the next four hundred years they forced the Ancient Britons back into Wales and Cornwall in the west, and Cumberland to the north. The Angles occupied the eastern coast, the south folk in Suffolk, north folk in Norfolk. Under Saxon rule England prospered under a series of High Kings, the last of whom was Harold. In 1066 the Norman invasion from France occurred and resulted in their victory at the Battle of Hastings. In 1070 Duke William took an army of 40,000 and wasted the northern countries, forcing many rebellious Norman nobles and Saxons to flee over the border into Scotland. The Saxons who remained in the south were not well treated under the Norman rule and many of these individuals also moved northward. Nevertheless, this notable English family name emerged as an influential name in the county of Yorkshire where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity being seated as Lords of the manor of Scarborough and having estates in that shire. By the 13th century they had branched out to Norfolk where they established many lordships under the family name of Scarborough. They also branched out from Yorkshire into neighboring Glusburn and into Lancashire where their name was corrupted to Scarsbridge giving birth to the hamlet of Scarsbridge in Lancashire. They also established a town mansion at Montague Park in London. Their main stem in Norfolk was at North Walsham. Notable among the family at that time was Nicholas Scarborough of Glusburn. During the 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th centuries England was ravaged by plagues, famine and religious conflict. Protestantism, the newly found political fervor of Cromwelliansim, and democratic government were in vogue and the remnants of the Roman Church rejected all non-believers. The changing rule caused burnings, hangings and banishments of all sects and creeds. Many families were freely "encouraged" to migrate to Ireland or to the "colonies". Some were rewarded with grants of land, others were banished. The families who migrated to Ireland became known as the Adventurers for land in Ireland. Protestant settlers "undertook" to keep their faith, being granted lands which were previously owned by the Catholic Irish. There is no evidence that the family name Scarborough migrated to Ireland but this does not preclude the possibility of scattered migration to that country. The New World offered better opportunities and some migrated voluntarily. Some left Ireland disillusioned with promises unfulfilled and many left directly from their home territories. Some also moved to the European continent. Members of the Scarborough family sailed aboard the huge armada of three masted sailing ships known as the "White Sails" which plied the stormy Atlantic. These overcrowded ships such as the Hector, the Dove and the Rambler, were pestilence ridden, sometimes 30% to 40% of the passenger list never reaching their destination. Among the first settlers in North America with the name of Scarborough were Captain Edmund Scarborough and his wife Hannah Butler who settled in Accomac, Virginia, around 1620. Captain Edmund Scarborough was a son of Henry Skarborough and Mary Humberstone of North Walsham, Norfolk, England. Other Scarboroughs who are listed among the first settlers in the "Colonies" include Thomas Scarborgh who settled in Virginia in 1639, Richard Scarbrow who settled in Virginia in 1656, John and Thomas Scarburg who settled in Virginia in 1652, and Mary and Kathleen Scarburgh who settled in Virginia in 1640.
This site was last updated 02/11/06